Sunday, March 21, 2010

Girija Prasad Koirala: Timeline

1924 -- Born in Tedi of Saharsha district in Bihar, India

1930 -- Returned to Nepal at age 5

1945 -- Gave up communist ideology

1947 -- Started working at Biratnagar Jute Mills

1948 -- Founded Nepal Majdoor Congress, that later became Nepal Trade Union Congress

1951 -- Took part in the armed rebellion against the Rana regime waged by Nepali Congress as a political commissar

1952 -- Married Sushma Upadhyaya and later in the year became Morang President of Nepali Congress

1954 -- Became father of a girl, Sujata

1960 -- Arrested and imprisoned by King Mahendra following a failed armed revolt against the royal coup.

1967 -- Lost wife Sushma, who died while trying to douse a fire erupting from a refrigerator

1967 -- Released from jail and sent to exile

1973 -- Masterminded hijacking of a Royal Nepal Airlines plane coming to Kathmandu from Biratnagar carrying Indian rupees three million

1975 -- Became general secretary of Nepali Congress

1990 -- Took part in the movement as general secretary of Nepali Congress

1991 -- Became only the second democratically-elected prime minister of Nepal on May 26 (after his elder brother Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala in 1959), following the defeat of the incumbent prime minister and acting Nepali Congress President Krishna Prasad Bhattarai in the general elections

1994 -- Dissolved parliament that had Nepali Congress majority and declared general elections on November 30 after failing to pass motion of thanking the king for presenting the government´s policy and program

1994 -- Becomes President of Nepali Congress

1998 -- Became prime minister for the second time heading a Nepali Congress minority government on April 25 which was joined by UML and Nepal Sadbhavana Party on December 25, 1998

2001 -- Became prime minister for the third time after resignation of Krishna Prasad Bhattarai on March 22 and was at the office during the royal massacre of June 1, 2001

2001 -- Resigned as prime minister on July 26 in the heat of Maoist insurgency to make way for his protégé Sher Bahadur Deuba

2005 -- Played pivotal role in reaching out to the Maoists that culminated in the signing of the 12-point agreement between the seven political parties with the Maoist rebels in New Delhi, India

2006 -- Became prime minister for the fourth time on April 25 after the re-instatement of the parliament following the April uprising

2006 -- Signed the peace accord with the Maoists on November 21 from the government´s side

2007 -- Became head of the state on Jan 15 after promulgation of the interim constitution

2007 -- Reelected prime minister on April 1 to head a new government that included the Maoists apart from the mainstream political parties

2008 -- Conducted the Constituent Assembly elections on April 10 that Maoists won and ultimately abolished the 240-year-old monarchy on May 28, 2008

2008 -- Resigned on June 26 but the resignation is not accepted in the absence of a president. Resigned again on July 23, 2008 to the first president of Nepal, Ram Baran Yadav, who was sworn in on the same day, paving way for Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal to become prime minister

2009 -- Rallied political parties to form a government under Madhav Kumar Nepal on May 24 after resignation of the Maoists

2010 -- Passed away at 12:10 pm on March 20 due to chronic respiratory problems

Source: Republica

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